Sinus Infections

What Is A Sinus Infection?

A sinus infection, or sinusitis, occurs when the sinus cavities become inflamed. The inflamed sinuses create blockages that prevent bacteria and viruses from being able to drain out. The build-up of bacteria and viruses is what causes the infection. Sinus infections affect millions of people each year, and they can either be acute (short-term) or chronic (long-term). If a sinus infection lasts longer than 12 weeks, it is considered chronic.  

What Causes A Sinus Infection?

Many things can cause a sinus infection. Some include:

  • Allergies – allergies can inflame and swell the sinuses, resulting in a blockage and infection. 
  • Nasal polyps – typically benign growths in the nasal cavities, nasal polyps create blockages throughout the sinuses.
  • Deviated septum – when the septum is abnormally shaped, it can make it difficult for proper drainage of the sinuses to occur, resulting in the build-up of bacteria and viruses.
  • Underlying conditions – diseases like cystic fibrosis can cause sinus cavity blockages.
  • Respiratory infections – illnesses like the common cold cause swelling of the sinuses and can cause blockages resulting in sinus infections.
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What Are The Common Symptoms Of A Sinus Infection?

Sinus infection symptoms include: 

  • Stuffy nose
  • Ear pain
  • Coughing
  • Sore throat
  • Nasal congestion or obstruction
  • Pain around the eyes
  • Nausea
  • Fatigue

Do you think you might have a sinus infection but aren’t sure? Take our sinus quiz to see if you are having chronic sinus issues.

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Sinus Infection Treatment with Emerald ENT

Different types of sinus infections require different types of treatment. Dr. Gegg with Emerald ENT can determine the cause of your sinus infection and get you feeling better quickly.

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